A karate-gi (sometimes called a gi for short) is the white uniform worn for karate practice. It is also referred to as a dogi (the clothes used to practise the way) or keiko-gi (practice clothes).
There are various kinds of karate-gi. For most people, particularly for children, the best thing to do is to start karate in a tracksuit, then buy an inexpensive karate-gi once you are sure you want to continue with the training. We usually have a stock of club uniforms available so please ask if you are interested in purchasing one.
|Dogi Model||Features||Size Range|
|Junior||Light cotton, elasticated waist on trousers||For heights 120-150cm|
|Senior||Middle weight cotton, trousers with drawstring waist||For heights from 150cm upwards|
All the above come with the Shiranamikai crest specially embroidered on the chest, so you can represent your club with pride!
Made in Japan: expensive but worth it!
Those who are taking their training seriously longer term may be attracted to the idea of investing in a high quality karate-gi from Japan. These are costly (around £150 upwards, depending on the model, or in the region of £200 for a lightly customised gi and import taxes), but are made of superior materials and will last a long time. There are many different makes and types, but some of our favourite Japanese dogi are listed below:
|MH11||Hirota||High quality smooth cotton, middleweight. Very comfortable and easy to move in.|
|TAW||Tokaido||High quality cotton, middleweight, tournament cut (i.e. with shorter sleeves and trouser legs). Very hard wearing.|
|Pinack ‘Kumite’||Hirota||Next generation, special lightweight material, popular with members of Japan’s national karate team.|
The high quality cotton used for karate uniforms from Japan is typically a bright white, which when new appears to have an almost blue tint. This fades a bit with washing and wear. If you look after the dogi it will hold its shape and feel more and more comfortable as time goes by.
How to look after your karate-gi
Unfortunately, perspiration tends to turn white materials yellow over time – but you can limit this by keeping the dogi as clean as you can between training sessions. Ideally, wash your karate-gi after every practice. If it is not possible to wash it straight after the session, make sure you take it out of your bag and air it.
When sorting the laundry never mix the white items with brights and darks. Use the washing machine’s cold water cycle. If your machine will not do a cold wash, 40° is the highest setting you should use. Try to avoid fabric softener as this will cling to the fibres of your dogi over time, reducing its sweat absorbency.
When the wash has finished, take out your uniform straight away. Give it a shake and pull out the creases in the cotton to make the fabric lie as smooth as possible before you hang it out to dry naturally. Never tumble dry as this will cause excessive shrinkage.
Once the uniform is dry, you may wish to iron it – depending on how successfully you managed to pull out the creases earlier on!
Depending on how often you train and how much time is available to do laundry in between sessions, it might be worth having more than one karate-gi.
100% Cotton vs Next Generation Materials
All karate-gi used to be made of 100% cotton. In recent years, manufacturers have also been offering uniforms made of special materials. These are typically made from materials where each thread has a polyester core but is wrapped in a cotton outer. This kind of material has the smooth feel of a high quality shirt and offers a number of advantages over cotton. For example, it is much easier to take care of (withstanding higher temperatures in the wash and drying very quickly), it is lighter (which is a particular plus point when travelling) and it allows faster diffusion of sweat. These next generation uniforms are also very easy to move in – you will never have the feeling that your trousers are catching on your knee during mae-geri! However, the downside is that these uniforms are extremely expensive. And while they diffuse sweat quickly, the material is not as absorbent as pure cotton.
How about the heavyweight options?
Most karate-gi manufacturers offer a heavyweight uniform. These are even more hard wearing than the middle weight options and some people find the extra thickness (and noise!) of the material satisfying. Personally, we find the thicker dogi to be a bit uncomfortable – the middle weight ones allow for much greater ease of movement.
A German manufacturer of karate-gi, ‘Kaiten’, produces a range of dogi in a wider cut which are worth considering if you are on the stocky side. They are made with European body shapes in mind and are slightly less expensive than the ‘made in Japan’ brands.